Volume 31, Issue 6 p936-41 (1976)
The supernatant fluid from cultures of Escherichia coli W-11, a pur E mutant, prevented the inhibition of growth of E. coli B in a medium containing adenine or adenosine. Adenine inhibition was prevented more readily than adenosine inhibition. More than 90% of the biological activity of the supernatant fluid was recovered in the anionic fraction after treatment with Dowex-50 (NH4+). The cationic fraction, containing large amounts of 5-aminoimidazole ribonucleoside (AIRS), did not prevent adenine inhibition. The W-11 supernatant fluid was shown by bioautography to contain only one compound that prevented adenine inhibition. Proliferating and non-proliferating cultures produced only one compound that prevented adenine inhibition. The compound was shown to be an intermediate (int-1) in the biosynthesis of the pyrimidine moiety of thiamine, Int-1 was stable during sterilization at 121 C for 15 min, during concentration by either flask evaporation or lyophilization, and after storage for several days at 4 C or at -- 20 C. Int-1 was distinguishable from other known derivatives or intermediates of the pyrimidine moiety. A scheme is presented that illustrates the proposed relationship between int-1 and the synthesis of thiamine.
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