Życiowe dokonania Cypriana – zakonnika i biskupa wrocławskiego w latach 1201–1207 release_y4yy2cxsn5finnhm4ubnizb4oi

by Norbert Jerzak

Published by Wrocławski Przegląd Teologiczny.

2019   Vol 22 No 1 (2014)

Abstract

In 1201 Cyprian became the bishop of Wrocław. Cyprian was a distinguished clergyman, because of his charismatic nature and organizational skills quickly climbed the ladder of church hierarchy. His church career began as a norbertine monk and ended as a bishop. Place and date of birth of Cyprian are unknown, but because of the name – Cyprian (not known in Poland in those days), it is to think, that he came from Latin or German countries. We know from the records, that Cyprian appeared in Silesia before 1193, where he got the task of reforming the norbertine community in Wroclaw. Organizational sense, efficient diplomacy and patronage of Prince Bolesław the Tall, Archbishop Peter of Gniezno and Bishop Żyrosław were contributing that he became the first abbot of the monastery of St. Vincent in Ołbin. Cyprian undertook also efforts, that premonstratensians communities occurred in other parts of Poland. In 1193 Cyprian became the bishop of the diocese in Lubusz, through the intercession of the Duke Boleslaw the Tall, but we do not have information about the rule on those areas. Cyprian enjoys great affection of Prince Boleslaw the Tall and his son Henry, soon became the bishop of Wrocław. This election, as well as personality of Cyprian in this position didn't meet with the approval in Rome, but Duke Bolesław enjoying large graces from the Pope, because he favored the reform of the church, pushed through the approval of this choice. In this way Cyprian became the first Polish elective bishop. Cyprian's tenure in Wrocław did not last too long. But in the annals was this time recording as abounding in good relations with the ducal manor, monasteries, with their own archbishopric and the papacy. During his reign and by his participation came to great foundation of Henry the Bearded, cistercian monastery in Trzebnica. He became a carer of cistercian, johannite and regular canons, he gave them new or approved old privileges. Cyprian as a bishop of Wrocław proved to be also an effective politician and diplomat. Thanks to hi [...]
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