Volume 16p167-180 (2021)
The active development of genetic technologies around the world actualizes the issue of defining national legal regimes that ensure normative establishment of the boundaries of human intervention in the processes of the universe. The issue of admissibility of a fast-track regime in relation to genetic technologies development from the standpoint of ensuring the precautionary principle in biomedicine is raised separately. The author believes that it is appropriate to use "national legal regime for genetic research" category as a way of regulating at various levels such issues as: identification and use of information obtained as a result of genetic research; development of national standards for the provision of services for genetic research, requirements for medical organizations and medical workers who provide them. Based on the studied foreign experience, it is concluded that there are three main types (models) of national regimes for the development of genetic technologies: permissible, restrictive and mixed, each of which is characterized by specific principles of organizational structure.
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