Successful control of the first carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae outbreak in a Chinese hospital 2017–2019 release_xsbk2uwbszd53arom6cfnzkzbq

by Jiaying Zhu, Qi Li, Xiaoxia Li, Jianbang Kang, Yan Song, Junli Song, Donghong Yin, Jinju Duan

Published in Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control by Springer Science and Business Media LLC .

Volume 9, Issue 1 p91 (2020)

Abstract

Carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae (CRKP) is considered as a serious global threat. CRKPs occurred only sporadically in the Second Hospital of Shanxi Medical University. Our study aimed to investigate and control the first outbreak of CRKP in our hospital occurred between October 2017 and August 2019. The antimicrobial stewardship (AMS) workers have been implemented control measures properly. Clinical and epidemiological data were retrospectively collected from medical records. Carbapenemase genes were detected by modified carbapenem inactivation method (mCIM) test and the EDTA-modified carbapenem inactivation method (eCIM) test. Resistance genes were identified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and sequencing. Genetic relatedness was studied by multilocus sequence typing (MLST). During the outbreak, 31 patients were infected with CRKP isolates. 20 (64.5%) patients were infected with KPC-2 and/or NDM-1 producing K. pneumoniae. Mostly MLST-sequence types belonged to ST11 (21/31). The outbreak was two major K. pneumoniae clusters present in epidemiologically linked patients. Setting up AMS workers is potentially a highly efficient strategy for the successful control of the outbreak. A multimodal and multidisciplinary infection control strategy proved to be crucial. The emergence of CRKP in our hospital emphasizes the importance of continuous monitoring of these isolates, which helps to limit the spread of CRKPs and improve the level of management.
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