On the Kondo problem and thermodynamics of dilute magnetic alloys release_w36mqusyxndtteraaqr43h7mku

by Jan Mackowiak

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(2007)

Abstract

An argument is given showing that Coulomb attraction between conduction electrons and impurity ions in a dilute magnetic alloy (DMA) can be disregarded, provided the system's inverse temperature beta is replaced by an effective inverse temperature t < beta. This replacement allows to remove the singularity in Kondo's expression for DMA impurity resistivity and extend his theory to 0 K. The extended Kondo formula agrees with experimental data on resistivity of CuFe in the range of low temperatures and in the neighbourhood of the resistivity minimum. Using an asymptotic solution of the thermodynamics of a dilute s-d system at inverse temperature t, the impurity thermodynamic functions are derived and shown to provide good agreement with experimental data on CuFe, CuCr and (LaCe)Al_2 alloys in the low-temperature range. The magnitude of these functions agrees with experiment and does not require rescaling as in previous s-d theories. Nonlinear dependence of CuFe heat capacity on impurity concentration has been accounted for the first time.
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Date   2007-03-23
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