New findings on the significance of Jebel Moya in the eastern Sahel release_v2c67nfkpzdedkze5vn3tnjqxi

by Michael Brass, Dorian Q. Fuller, Kevin MacDonald, Chris Stevens, Ahmed Adam, Iwona Kozieradzka-Ogunmakin, Rayan Abdallah, Osman Alawad, Ammar Abdalla, Isabelle Vella Gregory, Joss Wellings, Fakri Hassan (+1 others)

Abstract

This paper presents new excavation data and new radiometric dates for Jebel Moya, south-central Sudan. These data suggest revisions to previous chronological understandings of the site. New excavations, initiated in 2017, show a longer, more continuous occupation of the site than has been previously recognised. Archaeozoological and archaeobotanical analyses provide evidence for domesticated taxa. Archaeobotanical evidence is dominated by domesticated sorghum (<i>Sorghum bicolor</i>), radiocarbon dated to <i>c</i>. 2550–2210 BC. Faunal remains include cattle and goat/sheep. A late third-millennium BC date on the human skeleton excavated in the 2017 season also shows that mortuary activity began early in the site's history, contemporary with domesticated faunal and botanical remains. These initial results indicate the long-term association of the site with pastoralism and agriculture and with environmental change. Jebel Moya's continued potential to serve as a chronological and cultural reference point for future studies in south-central Sudan and the eastern Sahel is reinforced.
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Published by Taylor & Francis
Release Date 2020-01-08
Publisher Taylor & Francis

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Date   2020-01-08
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