Pareto Region Characterization for Rate Control in Multi-User Systems and Nash Bargaining release_v24r7bsynfg2lkne3u5hncj6jy

by Zengmao Chen, Sergiy A. Vorobyov, Cheng-Xiang Wang, John Thompson

Abstract

The problem of rate control in multi-user multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) interference systems is formulated as a multicriteria optimization (MCO) problem. The Pareto rate region of the MCO problem is characterized. It is shown that for the convexity of the Pareto rate region it is sufficient that the interference-plus-noise covariance matrices (INCMs) of multiple users with conflicting objectives approach identity matrix. The latter can be achieved by using either orthogonal signaling, time-sharing, or interference cancellation strategies. In the case of high interference, the interference cancellation is preferable in order to increase the Pareto boundary and guarantee the convexity of the Pareto rate region. The Nash bargaining (NB) is applied to transform the MCO problem into a single-objective one. The characteristics of the NB over MIMO interference systems such as the uniqueness, existence of the NB solution, and feasibility of the NB set are investigated. When the NB solution exists, the sufficient condition for the corresponding single-objective problem to have a unique solution is that the INCMs of users approach identity matrix. A simple multi-stage interference cancellation scheme, which leads to a larger convex Pareto rate region and, correspondingly, a unique NB solution with larger user rates compared to the orthogonal and time-sharing signaling schemes, is proposed. The convexity of the rate region, effectiveness of the proposed interference cancellation technique, and existence of the NB solution for MIMO interference systems are examined by means of numerical studies. The fairness of the NB solution is also demonstrated. Finally, the special cases of multi-input single-output (MISO) and single-input single-output (SISO) interference systems are also considered.
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Date   2010-06-07
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arXiv  1006.1380v1
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