Exposure to polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), is closely associated with the occurrence of obesity and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), yet their pathological effects and underlying mechanisms remain unclear. To examine the role of 2, 2', 4, 4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether (BDE-47) in the progression of NAFLD under obese condition, male C57BL/6 J mice were fed with diet interaction for 15 weeks and subcutaneously injected with BDE-47 (7 mg/kg or 70 mg/kg) or the vehicle weekly. BDE-47 exposure (70 mg/kg) significantly elevated the body weight and worsened hepatic steatosis along with increased inflammation in high fat diet (HFD) fed mice. Furthermore, integration analysis of lipidomics and gene expression revealed that BDE-47 up-regulated triglyceride synthesis but suppressed lipid exportation and β oxidation, aggravating the accumulation of hepatic lipid in HFD fed mice. In addition, the increase of liver fibrosis, serum transaminase levels, as well as lipid peroxidation have been observed in mice co-treated with BDE-47 and HFD. Moreover, BDE-47-induced fibrogenic responses in hepatocytes were suppressed by antioxidants, which confirmed that BDE-47-induced liver fibrosis was tightly associated with oxidative stress. In conclusion, these results provided new and robust evidence for revealing the hepatoxicity of BDE-47 under obese condition and illustrated the underlying mechanism of BDE-47 induced liver fibrosis.
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