India-Bangladesh political relations during the Awami League Government, 1972-75 release_tnrpbg5ar5fc3csbcwquxt2o3y

by Shaukat Hassan, University, The Australian National, University, The Australian National

Published by The Australian National University.



This study deals with the nature and content of I ndia-Bang1adesh political relations during the period 1972-75, when the Awami League Government was in power in Bangladesh. The Government of India had assisted the League, first, in bringing about the secession of East Pakistan and, subsequently, in consolidating its political power in the new State. This gave rise to a number of allegations in Bangladesh against the League Government, namely, that in seeking Indian military assistance to rid Bangladesh of the Pakistan Army, it had reached secret understandings with India which were inimical to Bangladesh's Interests; that it subsequently became a subaltern to Indian interests; and that Bangladesh's sovereignty was undermined by its political intimacy with New Delhi. In the process of assessing the validity of these allegations, the thesis has sought to answer a larger and a more important question: What were the causes behind the deterioration of political relations between India and Bangladesh by 1975, after an euphoric start In 1972? As a theoretical tool the concept of influence relationship has been used in this study, where influence has been defined as follows: influence is manifested when A (the Indian leadership) affects, through non-coercive means, directly or indirectly, the behaviour of B (the Bangladesh leadership) in the hope that it redounds to the policy advantage of A, and vice versa. Such a theoretical tool has necessitated the treatment of only selective instances of bilateral relations between them; only those Issues where influence could have operated in either direction have been chosen for examination. The thesis comprises nine chapters in which are discussed, intev alia, the following issues: the Indo-Bang1adesh friendship treaty; the Bangladesh Army; the Jatiyo Rakkhi Bahini; the border trade agreement; land border and maritime boundary delimitation talks; oil exploration in the Bay of Bengal; and the Ganges waters dispute. The findings of this study do not support any of the allegations [...]
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Date   2014-01-28
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