Wind Orchestration in the Music of Johann Christian Bach, 1762-1782: Studies in Structure, Texture and Form release_ti2r4ezzjfg4bi74e32g3xcghu

by Ann Renee Van Allen-Russell

Published by Goldsmiths, University of London.



Johann Christian Bach's orchestration is equal in importance to harmony and melody in defining the structure of a work and plays a significant role in his musical design. The thesis examines orchestration ofselected works by 1. C. Bach composed during his years in London, 1762-1782, amongst them symphonic works (including symphonies concertantes), concertos, and vocal works, both songs and arias. An in-depth study of Bach's method of orchestration, especially his use of wind instruments, has not been carried out previously, and a better understanding of the composer's skill will not only demonstrate the ingenuity inherent in Bach's music but also emphasize his influence on, and importance to, English musical life. The discussion of J. C. Bach's approach to orchestration is divided into distinct sections based on, different perspectives. The first of these looks at individual instruments of the composer's time, the types of ensembles in which they are employed and the placement of the instruments within these ensembles, using information gleaned principally from English sources such as instrumental tutors, contemporary comments and extant instruments. The evolution of Bach's individual "treatment of each instrument is also discussed and illuminated by examples from his own works. Subsequently, there is a comparison between Bach's writing for winds and that of contemporaries active in London, in order to provide a larger context within which to view the development of Bach's compositional style, and to explore influences Bach may have had on these composers. Finally, conventions and patterns of Bach's orchestration are examined, including the instrumentation of themes, scoring conventions for different movement types, and the deployment of instruments to articulate musical structure. The relationship between instrumentation and texture is explored through a graphing system designed to compare areas of textural development from different perspectives, such as colour changes used to demarcate structure and winds subs [...]
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