In vitro Development of Controlled-Release Nanoniosomes for Improved Delivery and Anticancer Activity of Letrozole for Breast Cancer Treatment release_t2cb356sy5dlvge7htdcdktbce

by Saeedeh Ahmadi, Mahmoud Seraj, Mohsen, Ayin Hosseini, Saba Bazzazan, Iman Akbarzadeh, Samaneh Saffar, Ebrahim Mostafavi

Published in International Journal of Nanomedicine by Informa UK Limited.

2022   Volume Volume 17, p6233-6255


Breast cancer is among the most prevalent mortal cancers in women worldwide. In the present study, an optimum formulation of letrozole, letrozole-loaded niosome, and empty niosome was developed, and the anticancer effect was assessed in in vitro MCF-7, MCF10A and MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cell lines. Various niosomal formulations of letrozole were fabricated through thin-film hydration method and characterized in terms of size, polydispersity index (PDI), morphology, entrapment efficiency (EE%), release kinetics, and stability. Optimized niosomal formulation of letrozole was achieved by response surface methodology (RSM). Antiproliferative activity and the mechanism were assessed by MTT assay, quantitative real-time PCR, and flow cytometry. Furthermore, cellular uptake of optimum formulation was evaluated by confocal electron microscopy. The formulated letrozole had a spherical shape and showed a slow-release profile of the drug after 72 h. The size, PDI, and eEE% of nanoparticles showed higher stability at 4°C compared with 25°C. The drug release from niosomes was in accordance with Korsmeyer-Peppa's kinetic model. Confocal microscopy revealed the localization of drug-loaded niosomes in the cancer cells. MTT assay revealed that all samples exhibited dose-dependent cytotoxicity against breast cancer cells. The IC50 of mixed formulation of letrozole with letrozole-loaded niosome (L + L3) is the lowest value among all prepared formulations. L+L3 influenced the gene expression in the tested breast cancer cell lines by down-regulating the expression of Bcl 2 gene while up-regulating the expression of p53 and Bax genes. The flow cytometry results revealed that L + L3 enhanced the apoptosis rate in both MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 cell lines compared with the letrozole (L), letrozole-loaded niosome (L3), and control sample. Results indicated that niosomes could be a promising drug carrier for the delivery of letrozole to breast cancer cells.
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Type  article-journal
Stage   published
Date   2022-12-11
Language   en ?
DOI  10.2147/ijn.s384085
PubMed  36531115
PMC  PMC9753765
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ISSN-L:  1176-9114
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