Current Trends in Intraoperative Spinal Cord Monitoring: A Survey Analysis among Japanese Expert Spine Surgeons release_sfjsckaodbasnmvd43v7gohtxq

by Hideki Shigematsu, Go Yoshida, Shinji Morito, Masahiro Funaba, Nobuaki Tadokoro, Masaaki Machino, Kazuyoshi Kobayashi, Muneharu Ando, Shigenori Kawabata, Kei Yamada, Tsukasa Kanchiku, Yasushi Fujiwara (+11 others)

Published in Spine Surgery and Related Research by Japanese Society for Spine Surgery and Related Research.

2023   Volume 7, Issue 1, p26-35


Although intraoperative spinal neuromonitoring (IONM) is recommended for spine surgeries, there are no guidelines regarding its use in Japan, and its usage is mainly based on the surgeon's preferences. Therefore, this study aimed to provide an overview of the current trends in IONM usage in Japan. In this web-based survey, expert spine surgeons belonging to the Japanese Society for Spine Surgery and Related Research were asked to respond to a questionnaire regarding IONM management. The questionnaire covered various aspects of IONM usage, including the preferred modality, operation of IONM, details regarding muscle-evoked potential after electrical stimulation of the brain (Br(E)-MsEP), and need for consistent use of IONM in major spine surgeries. Responses were received from 134 of 186 expert spine surgeons (response rate, 72%). Of these, 124 respondents used IONM routinely. Medical staff rarely performed IONM without a medical doctor. Br(E)-MsEP was predominantly used for IONM. One-third of the respondents reported complications, such as bite injuries caused by Br(E)-MsEP. Interestingly, two-thirds of the respondents did not plan responses to alarm points. Intramedullary spinal cord tumor, scoliosis (idiopathic, congenital, or neuromuscular in pediatric), and thoracic ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament were representative diseases that require IONM. IONM has become an essential tool in Japan, and Br(E)-MsEP is a predominant modality for IONM at present. Although we investigated spine surgeries for which consistent use of IONM is supported, a cost-benefit analysis may be required.
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