The Association Between C-Reactive Protein And Hypertension Of Different United States Participants Categorized By Ethnicity: Applying The National Health And Nutrition Examination Survey From 1999-2010 release_rev_b55f9b3a-5165-4828-97b9-01dd5ff1370d

by Ghada Abo-Zaid

Published by Zenodo.



<strong>Objectives: </strong>The main objective of this study was to examine the association between the elevated level of C-reactive protein (CRP) and incidence of hypertension before and after adjustments for age, BMI, gender, SES, smoking, diabetes, cholesterol LDL and cholesterol HDL, and to determine whether the association differs by race. <strong>Method:</strong> Cross sectional data for participants from aged 17 years to 74 years, included in The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) from 1999 to 2010 were analyzed. The CRP level was classified into three categories (&gt; 3 mg/L, between 1 mg/L and 3 mg/L, and &lt; 3 mg/L). Blood pressure categorization was done using JNC 7 indicator. Hypertension is defined as either systolic blood pressure (SBP) of 140 mmHg or more and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) of 90 mmHg or more, otherwise a self-reported prior diagnosis by a physician. Pre-hypertension was defined as 139 ≥ SBP &gt; 120 or 89 ≥ DBP &gt;80. Multinominal regression model was undertaken to measure the association between CRP level and hypertension. <strong>Results:</strong> In univariable models, CRP concentrations &gt; 3 mg/L were associated with a 73% greater risk of incident hypertension compared with CRP concentrations &lt; 1 mg/L (Hypertension: odds ratio [OR] = 1.73; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.50-1.99). Ethnic comparisons showed that American Mexicans had the highest risk of incident hypertension (OR = 2.39; 95% CI, 2.21-2.58). This risk was statistically insignificant after controlling by other variables (Hypertension: OR = 0.75; 95% CI, 0.52-1.08), or categorized by race [American Mexican: OR= 1.58; 95% CI, 0.58-4.26, Other Hispanic: OR = 0.87; 95% CI, 0.19-4.42, Non-Hispanic white: OR = 0.90; 95% CI, 0.50-1.59, Non-Hispanic Black: OR = 0.44; 95% CI, 0.22-0.87. The same results were found for pre-hypertension, and the Non-Hispanic black segment showed the highest significant risk for Pre-Hypertension (OR = 1.60; 95% CI, 1.26-2.03). When CRP concentrations were between [...]
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Type  article-journal
Stage   published
Date   2016-06-05
Language   en ?
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