Dynamics of a buoyant plume in linearly stratified environment using simultaneous PIV-PLIF measurement release_opaxs3mkljgupgq7dnkoceptzm

by Harish Mirajkar, Sridhar Balasubramanian

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Abstract

The presence of stratified layer in atmosphere and ocean leads to buoyant vertical motions, commonly referred to as plumes. It is important to study the mixing dynamics of a plume at a local scale in order to model their evolution and growth. Such a characterization requires measuring the velocity and density of the mixing fluids simultaneously. Here, we present the results of a buoyant plume propagating in a linearly stratified medium with a density difference of 0.5 %, thus yielding a buoyancy frequency of N =0.15 s −1. To understand the plume behaviour, statistics such as centerline and axial velocity along varying downstream locations, turbulent kinetic energy, Reynolds stress, and buoyancy flux were measured. The centerline velocity was found to decrease with increase in height. The Reynolds stress and buoyancy flux profiles showed the presence of a unstable layer and the mixing associated within that layer.
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