Fractional and Integer Vortex Dynamics in Strongly Coupled Two-component Bose-Einstein Condensates from AdS/CFT Correspondence release_o2bhoehabjh3noaj2wlfn4c3tu

by Wei-Can Yang, Chuan-Yin Xia, Muneto Nitta, Hua-Bi Zeng

Abstract

In order to study the rotating strongly coupled Bose-Einstein condensations(BEC), a holographic model defined in an AdS black hole that duals to a coupled two-component condensations in global U(1) symmetry broken phase with intercomponent coupling η and internal coherent coupling ϵ is proposed. By solving the dynamics of the model, we study the process of formation and also the crossover from fractional to integer vortex phases. With changing only η from zero to a finite value, fractional vortex lattices undergo a transition from hexagon to square lattice and finally to vortex sheets. By continuing to turn on ϵ, we find that two fractional vortices in different components constitute dimers, and when η transcend a critical value, multi-dimer like hexamer or tetramer made up of two and three dimers appear. As ϵ keeps increasing, some dimers rotate to adjust themselves and then constitute the lattice of integer vortices. Under an initial conditions similar to an spinor BEC vortices dynamics experiment, the appearance of disordered turbulence is found in the process of fractional vortex generation, which matches the experimental observation. While in the formation process of integer vortices, the appearance of grooves is predicted.
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Date   2020-03-20
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arXiv  2003.09423v1
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