Extrahepatic metastasis of hepatocellular carcinoma: A Malaysian case series
Extrahepatic metastasis of hepatocellular carcinoma: A Malaysian case series release_nf2b6wxorzatdd4oerfsbrlmsq

by Ming Rhee Chai, Padmaan Sankaran, Lee Ming Yap

Published in International Journal of Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic Diseases by Edorium Journals Pvt. Ltd..

2022   Volume 12, p1-4

Abstract

Introduction: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a primary malignancy which arises from hepatocytes. It is the sixth most commonly diagnosed cancer and the third leading cause of cancer death worldwide in 2020. It predominantly metastasizes via the hematogenous route. However, there are possibility of distant metastasis via the lymphatic and bone dissemination in a few of HCC cases. Case Series: We report two atypical cases of HCC with distant metastasis to cervical lymph node and bone in Malaysia. The first case reported is a HCC case of extrahepatic metastasis to cervical lymph node and the second case is a HCC case of extrahepatic metastasis to right femur. Conclusion: The patients with atypical site of distant metastasis from HCC have poor prognosis. Overall physical examination should be done to prevent overlook for all the patients with HCC.
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