2019 Volume 20, Issue 3, e44948
Dysfunction of the homeostasis-maintaining systems in specific cell types or tissues renders the organism susceptible to a range of diseases, including cancers. One of the emerging mechanisms for maintaining tissue homeostasis is cellular senescence. Here, we report that the Hippo pathway plays a critical role in controlling the fate of ovarian cells. Hyperactivation of Yes-associated protein 1 (YAP1), the major effector of the Hippo pathway, induces senescence in cultured primary human ovarian surface epithelial cells (hOSEs). Large tumor suppressor 2 (LATS2), the primary upstream negative regulator of YAP1, is elevated in both YAP1-induced and natural replicative-triggered senescence. Deletion of LATS2 in hOSEs prevents these cells from natural replicative and YAP1-induced senescence. Most importantly, loss of LATS2 switches ovarian cells from YAP-induced senescence to malignant transformation. Our results demonstrate that LATS2 and YAP1, two major components of the Hippo/YAP signaling pathway, form a negative feedback loop to control YAP1 activity and prevent ovarian cells from malignant transformation. Human cancer genomic data extracted from TCGA datasets further confirm the clinical relevance of our finding.
Archived Files and Locations
|application/pdf 5.1 MB ||
access all versions, variants, and formats of this works (eg, pre-prints)