Heavy rainfall forecasting for Dehradun capital city during monsoon season 2020 release_met5xvhrlvf2pdc23ojww5qk7u

by Rohit Thapliyal, Bikram Singh

Published in Mausam by India Meteorological Department.

2022   Volume 74, p141-150


Dehradun city is Uttarakhand's capital and part of the doon valley, which lies between the Himalayas and the Shivaliks. India Meteorological Department has undertaken the Impact Based Forecasting (IBF) of heavy rainfall events for capital/major cities on an experimental basis from the monsoon season 2020. With the improvement in meteorological observation & monitoring network of Uttarakhand and short & medium range Numerical Weather Prediction (NWP) model outputs, it has become possible to provide impact-based forecast at a very small spatial scale with good accuracy. With the help of a dense network of 5 General Packet Radio Service (GPRS) based Automatic Weather Stations (AWS) & 2 Automatic Rain Gauges (ARG) within a 20 Km radius of Dehradun city center, it has become possible to capture & monitor these events. The spatial analysis of these events suggests that the local orographic features rather than large-scale synoptic features played a major role in heavy rainfalls over Dehradun city. The Heidke skill score of 0.63 and 100% probability of detection is found for the capital city forecast of Dehradun. The presence of monsoon trough to the north of its normal position, a cyclonic circulation south of Uttarakhand over Haryana or East-Rajasthan or West Uttar Pradesh and a Western disturbance around 70°E were found to be the synoptic systems favorable for the occurrence of heavy rainfall in Dehradun city. The occasional strong south-westerly wind flow from the Arabian Sea converging over the foothills of the Western Himalayas is also found to be responsible for the heavy downpour.
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