Foreign policy strategy of the Romania. Evolution, principles, goals release_lvyxuf4x25fatnpsotgehfgdti

by D. G. Dragan

Published in Problemy Postsovetskogo Prostranstva by Centr Regionalnikh Issledovanij.

2018   p140-148

Abstract

In this article, the author attempts to determine the strategic directions of Romania's foreign policy. Significant geopolitical events in Europe expose the need to clarify the priorities of the policy pursued by the country. Historically in foreign relations Romania has employed diplomatic strategies that allowed it, according to historians, to «anoeuvre» between the centres of power on the international arena. However, in the early 2000's a departure from this tradition has become apparent, especially during the administration of Traian Basescu (2004–2014), which also coincided with the country's joining NATO in 2004 and EU in 2007. After the collapse of the socialist bloc Romania set its priorities, firstly, in the direction of joining both NATO and EU and later bringing the country in accordance with their norms and standards was put high on the agenda. Having become a member of the Alliance and an EU-state, Romania has been determining its foreign policy from the point of view of synchronizing its strategic goals with those of NATO and EU. Along with this, the strategic partnership with the US and the attached to it significant importance for Romania dictate the one-sided political approach deprived of the traditional manoeuvre capability in foreign affairs. This is also proven by the fact that despite the declared and established privileged relations with a number of countries, the level of their "strategic" execution is very low in reality. That being said, the direction of the relations between Romania and the Russian Federation, whose views on many regional and international issues differ, are likely to be greatly influenced by the state of the Russia-West affairs. Having analyzed the historic and current aspects of Romania's foreign policy, the author determines the preservation of the euroatlanticism course as the main direction of the development of the foreign policy of Romania.
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Date   2018-07-06
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