Competitive localization of vortex lines and interacting bosons release_lnun66ctj5drvcrmydzf7zjyzu

by J. Kierfeld, V.M. Vinokur

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We present a theory for the localization of three-dimensional vortex lines or two-dimensional bosons with short-ranged repulsive interaction which are competing for a single columnar defect or potential well. For two vortices we use a necklace model approach to find a new kind of delocalization transition between two different states with a single bound particle. This exchange-delocalization transition is characterized by the onset of vortex exchange on the defect for sufficiently weak vortex-vortex repulsion or sufficiently weak binding energy corresponding to high temperature. We calculate the transition point and order of the exchange-delocalization transition. A generalization of this transition to arbitrary vortex number is proposed.
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Date   2005-08-24
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