Plasma antioxidants and oxidative stress status in obese women: correlation with cardiopulmonary response release_lbv3a66utngsrivnhwvn67xyyi

by Dyg Mastura Adenan, Zulkarnain Jaafar, Jaime Jacqueline Jayapalan, Azlina Abdul Aziz

Published in PeerJ by PeerJ.

2020   Volume 8, e9230

Abstract

<jats:sec> <jats:title>Introduction</jats:title> A high body fat coupled with low cardiopulmonary fitness and an increase in oxidative stress has been connoted as contributing factors in developing cardiovascular comorbidities. This study aimed to investigate the correlation between antioxidants and oxidative stress status with cardiopulmonary responses in women of different body mass index (BMI). </jats:sec> <jats:sec> <jats:title>Subjects and Methods</jats:title> Eighty female adults were recruited and divided into three groups; normal weight (<jats:italic>n</jats:italic> = 23), overweight (<jats:italic>n</jats:italic> = 28) and obese (<jats:italic>n</jats:italic> = 29), according to their BMI. Blood samples were obtained prior to cardiopulmonary exercise testing. Plasma samples were separated by centrifugation and analysed for enzymatic antioxidant activity including catalase, glutathione peroxidase and superoxide dismutase. Non-enzymatic antioxidant activities were assessed using 2, 2′-azino-bis (3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulphonic acid) (ABTS) radical scavenging and ferric reducing ability of plasma (FRAP) assays. To evaluate the oxidative stress status of subjects, levels of reactive oxygen species and malondialdehyde, the by-product of lipid peroxidation, were measured. Cardiopulmonary responses were analysed using cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) which involved 15 various parameters such as peak oxygen consumption, metabolic equivalents and respiratory exchange ratio. </jats:sec> <jats:sec> <jats:title>Results</jats:title> The obese group had significantly lower ABTS radical scavenging and FRAP activities than the normal weight group. A higher catalase activity was observed in the obese group than the normal weight group. Spearman's correlation showed an inverse relationship between catalase and peak oxygen consumption, while partial correlation analysis showed inverse correlations between superoxide dismutase and respiratory frequency, ABTS activity and oxygen pulse, and between ABTS activity and cardiac output. </jats:sec> <jats:sec> <jats:title>Conclusion</jats:title> Our results demonstrate a lower cardiovascular fitness and antioxidant capacity in obese women; the higher catalase activity may be a compensatory mechanism. The negative correlations found between these two parameters may indicate the potential effect of antioxidants on the cardiopulmonary system and deserve further analysis in a larger population. Nevertheless, this study provides the basis for future studies to further explore the relationships between redox status and cardiopulmonary responses. This can potentially be used to predict future risk of developing diseases associated with oxidative stress, especially pulmonary and cardiovascular diseases. </jats:sec>
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Type  article-journal
Stage   published
Date   2020-05-19
Language   en ?
DOI  10.7717/peerj.9230
PubMed  32477840
PMC  PMC7243812
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