Work honored by Nobel prizes clusters heavily in a few scientific fields release_ku3ke3bnlbaofaf7z3ysxvjse4

by John P. A. Ioannidis, Ioana-Alina Cristea, Kevin W. Boyack

Abstract

We aimed to assess whether Nobel prizes (widely considered the most prestigious award in science) are clustering in work done in a few specific disciplines. We mapped the key Nobel prize-related publication of each laureate awarded the Nobel Prize in Medicine, Physics, and Chemistry (1995-2017). These key papers mapped in only narrow sub-regions of a 91,726-cluster map of science created from 63 million Scopus-indexed published items. For each key Nobel paper, a median of 435 (range 0 to 88383) other Scopus-indexed items were published within one year and were more heavily cited than the Nobel paper. Of the 114 high-level domains that science can be divided into, only 36 have had a Nobel prize. Five of the 114 domains (particle physics [14%], cell biology [12.1%], atomic physics [10.9%], neuroscience [10.1%], molecular chemistry [5.3%]) have the lion's share, accounting in total for 52.4% of the Nobel prizes. Using a more granular classification with 849 sub-domains shows that only 71 of these sub-domains (8.3%) have at least one Nobel-related paper. Similar clustering was seen when we mapped all the 40,819 Scopus-indexed publications representing the career-long output of all the Nobel laureates. In conclusion, work resulting in Nobel prizes is concentrated in a small minority of scientific disciplines.
In text/plain format

Published in PLoS ONE by Public Library of Science (PLoS)
ISSN-L 1932-6203
Volume 15
Issue 7
Page(s) e0234612
Release Date 2020-07-29
Publisher Public Library of Science (PLoS)
Primary Language en (lookup)

Known Files and URLs

application/pdf  997.6 kB
sha1:71af2d23c2334553ed82...
web.archive.org (webarchive)
journals.plos.org (publisher)
Read Full Text
Type  article-journal
Stage   published
Date   2020-07-29
Container Metadata
Open Access Publication
In DOAJ
Not in ISSN ROAD
Not in Keepers Registry
ISSN-L:  1932-6203
Fatcat Entry
Work Entity
grouping other versions (eg, pre-print) and variants of this release
Cite This Release
Fatcat Bits

State is "active". Revision:
00e6427e-63c2-46aa-adad-dc4e9be1e93e
As JSON object via API