Assessment of transparency indicators across the biomedical literature: How open is open? release_ht73su77hbcarnwv47n6uxxcka

by Stylianos Serghiou, Despina G Contopoulos-Ioannidis, Kevin W Boyack, Nico Riedel, Joshua D Wallach, John Ioannidis

Published in PLoS Biology .

Volume 19, Issue 3 e3001107 (2021)

Abstract

Recent concerns about the reproducibility of science have led to several calls for more open and transparent research practices and for the monitoring of potential improvements over time. However, with tens of thousands of new biomedical articles published per week, manually mapping and monitoring changes in transparency is unrealistic. We present an open-source, automated approach to identify 5 indicators of transparency (data sharing, code sharing, conflicts of interest disclosures, funding disclosures, and protocol registration) and apply it across the entire open access biomedical literature of 2.75 million articles on PubMed Central (PMC). Our results indicate remarkable improvements in some (e.g., conflict of interest [COI] disclosures and funding disclosures), but not other (e.g., protocol registration and code sharing) areas of transparency over time, and map transparency across fields of science, countries, journals, and publishers. This work has enabled the creation of a large, integrated, and openly available database to expedite further efforts to monitor, understand, and promote transparency and reproducibility in science.
In text/plain format

Archived Files and Locations

application/pdf  11.5 MB
file_6bm7iaxcyber7ktlk2lgkxa53a
web.archive.org (webarchive)
storage.googleapis.com (publisher)
Read Archived PDF
Archived
Type  article-journal
Stage   published
Date   2021-03-01
Language   en ?
Container Metadata
Open Access Publication
In DOAJ
In ISSN ROAD
Not in Keepers Registry
ISSN-L:  1544-9173
Work Entity
access all versions, variants, and formats of this works (eg, pre-prints)
Catalog Record
Revision: 26be4d62-857f-435c-a66e-27df0962ebbb
API URL: JSON