Classification of Magnetohydrodynamic Simulations using Wavelet Scattering Transforms release_evhb62vxtjc35puwo7lonmh7le

by Andrew K. Saydjari, Stephen K. N. Portillo, Zachary Slepian, Sule Kahraman, Blakesley Burkhart, Douglas P. Finkbeiner

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The complex interplay of magnetohydrodynamics, gravity, and supersonic turbulence in the interstellar medium (ISM) introduces non-Gaussian structure that can complicate comparison between theory and observation. We show that the Wavelet Scattering Transform (WST), in combination with linear discriminant analysis (LDA), is sensitive to non-Gaussian structure in 2D ISM dust maps. WST-LDA classifies magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) turbulence simulations with up to a 97% true positive rate in our testbed of 8 simulations with varying sonic and Alfvénic Mach numbers. We present a side-by-side comparison with two other methods for non-Gaussian characterization, the Reduced Wavelet Scattering Transform (RWST) and the 3-Point Correlation Function (3PCF). We also demonstrate the 3D-WST-LDA and apply it to classification of density fields in position-position-velocity (PPV) space, where density correlations can be studied using velocity coherence as a proxy. WST-LDA is robust to common observational artifacts, such as striping and missing data, while also sensitive enough to extract the net magnetic field direction for sub-Alfvénic turbulent density fields. We include a brief analysis of the effect of point spread functions and image pixelization on 2D-WST-LDA applied to density fields, which informs the future goal of applying WST-LDA to 2D or 3D all-sky dust maps to extract hydrodynamic parameters of interest.
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Type  article
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Date   2020-10-22
Version   v1
Language   en ?
arXiv  2010.11963v1
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