Identification of jellyfish neuropeptides that act directly as oocyte maturation inducing hormones release_ectt2qb7bzh7vjp6bqwt3s47yy

by Noriyo Takeda, Yota Kon, Gonzalo Quiroga Artigas, Pascal Lapébie, Carine Barreau, Osamu Koizumi, Takeo Kishimoto, Kazunori Tachibana, Evelyn Houliston, Ryusaku Deguchi

Released as a post by Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory.



Oocyte meiotic maturation is a critical process for sexually reproducing animals, and its core cytoplasmic regulators are highly conserved between species. In contrast, the few known Maturation Inducing Hormones (MIHs) that act on oocytes to initiate this process have highly variable molecular natures. Using the hydrozoan jellyfish species Clytia and Cladonema, which undergo oocyte maturation in response to dark-light and light-dark transitions respectively, we deduced from gonad transcriptome data amidated tetrapeptide sequences and found that synthetic peptides could induce maturation of isolated oocytes at nanomolar concentrations. Antibody preabsorption experiments conclusively demonstrated that these W/RPRPamide-related neuropeptides account for endogenous MIH activity produced by isolated gonads. We further showed that the MIH peptides are synthesised by neural-type cells in the gonad, are released following dark-light / light-dark transitions, and probably act on the oocyte surface. They are produced by male as well as female jellyfish and can trigger both sperm and egg release, suggesting a role in spawning coordination. We propose an evolutionary link between hydrozoan MIH and the neuropeptide hormones that regulate reproduction upstream of MIH in bilaterian species.
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