Efficacy and Safety of Functional Medial Ligament Balancing with Step-Wise Multiple Needle Puncturing in Varus Total Knee Arthroplasty release_d7yjhpxh7ffhtdq4v6tqcgg2iu

by Fong Teck Siong, Seong Chan Kim, Eui Soo Lee, Mohd Shahrul Azuan Jaffar, Tae Woo Kim, Yong Seuk Lee

Abstract

The aims of this study were to (1) describe our functional stepwise multiple needle puncturing (MNP) technique as the final step in medial ligament balancing during total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and (2) evaluate whether this technique can provide sufficient medial release with safety. A total of 137 patients with 212 consecutive knees who underwent TKAs with or without functional stepwise MNP of superficial medial collateral ligament was recruited in this prospective cohort. Eighty-one patients with 129 knees who performed serial stress radiographs were enrolled in the final assessment. Superficial medial collateral ligament was punctured selectively (anteriorly or posteriorly or both) and sequentially depending on the site and degree of tightness. Mediolateral stability was assessed using serial stress radiographs and comparison was performed between the MNP and the non-MNP groups at postoperative 6 months and 1 year. Clinical outcomes were also evaluated between 2 groups. Fifty-five TKAs required additional stepwise MNP (anterior needling 19, posterior needling 3, both anterior and posterior needling 33). Preoperative hip-knee-ankle angle and the difference in varus-valgus stress angle showed significant difference between the MNP and the non-MNP groups, respectively (P = .009, P = .037). However, there was no significant difference when comparing the varus-valgus stress angle between the MNP and the non-MNP groups during serial assessment. Clinical outcomes including range of motion also showed no significant differences between the 2 groups. Functional medial ligament balancing with stepwise MNP can provide sufficient medial release with safety in TKA with varus aligned knee without clinical deterioration or complication such as instability. Level II, Prospective cohort study.
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Published in Journal of Arthroplasty by Elsevier BV
ISSN-L 0883-5403
Volume 35
Issue 2
Page(s) 380-387
Release Date 2019-09-11
Container Type journal
Publisher Elsevier BV
Primary Language en (lookup)

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Date   2019-09-11
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