Change my body, change my mind: the effects of illusory ownership of an outgroup hand on implicit attitudes toward that outgroup release_c4ftieefkbhfjlddn6jr3mojvi

by Harry Farmer, Lara Maister, Manos Tsakiris

Published in Frontiers in Psychology by Frontiers Media SA.

2014   Volume 4, p1016

Abstract

The effect of multisensory-induced changes on body-ownership and self-awareness using bodily illusions has been well established. More recently, experimental manipulation of bodily illusions have been combined with social cognition tasks to investigate whether changes in body-ownership can in turn change the way we perceive others. For example, experiencing ownership over a dark-skin rubber hand reduces implicit bias against dark-skin groups. Several studies have also shown that processing of skin color and facial features play an important role in judgements of racial typicality and racial categorization independently and in an additive manner. The present study aimed at examining whether using multisensory stimulation to induce feelings of body-ownership over a dark-skin rubber hand would lead to an increase in positive attitudes toward black faces. We here show, that the induced ownership of a body-part of a different skin color affected the participants' implicit attitudes when processing facial features, in addition to the processing of skin color shown previously. Furthermore, when the levels of pre-existing attitudes toward black people were taken into account, the effect of the rubber hand illusion on the post-stimulation implicit attitudes was only significant for those participants who had a negative initial attitude toward black people, with no significant effects found for those who had positive initial attitudes toward black people. Taken together, our findings corroborate the hypothesis that the representation of the self and its relation to others, as given to us by body-related multisensory processing, is critical in maintaining but also in changing social attitudes.
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Type  article-journal
Stage   published
Date   2014-01-13
Language   en ?
DOI  10.3389/fpsyg.2013.01016
PubMed  24454301
PMC  PMC3888940
Wikidata  Q38253742
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