A Novel Variant of Deformed Wing Virus (DWV) from the Invasive Honeybee Apis florea (Apidae, Hymenoptera) and Its Ectoparasite Euvarroa sinhai (Acarina, Mesostigmata) in Taiwan release_c3clvdoz75hbvajdo74c7hwdna

by Jin-Xuan Tian, Wen-Shi Tsai, I-Hsin Sung

Published in Insects by MDPI AG.

2023   Volume 14, Issue 2, p103


The invasion of Apis florea in Taiwan was first recorded in 2017. The deformed wing virus (DWV) has been identified as a common bee virus in apiculture around the world. Ectoparasitic mites are the main DWV vector for horizontal transmission. However, there are few studies about the ectoparasitic mite of Euvarroa sinhai, which has been found in A. florea. In this study, the prevalence of DWV among four hosts, including A. florea, Apis mellifera, E. sinhai, and Varroa destructor, was determined. The results showed that a high DWV-A prevalence rate in A. florea, ranging from 69.2% to 94.4%, was detected. Additionally, the genome of DWV isolates was sequenced and subjected to phylogenetic analysis based on the complete polyprotein sequence. Furthermore, isolates from A. florea and E. sinhai both formed a monophyletic group for the DWV-A lineage, and the sequence identity was 88% between the isolates and DWV-A reference strains. As noted above, two isolates could be the novel DWV strain. It cannot be excluded that novel DWV strains could pose an indirect threat to sympatric species, such as A. mellifera and Apis cerana.
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