The Role of GABA A Receptor in Antispasmodic Activity of Hydroalcholic Extract of Petroselinum Crispum (Parsley) Seed in Rat Ileum release_bxn5ttw3brfzbn6nrkfrbiwrm4

by Feryal Savary, Ahmad Moazedi, Mohammad Kazem Gharib-Naseri, Mohammad Zadkarami

Released as a article-journal .

2016   Volume 19, Issue 115


Background: Parsley is one of the medicinal herbs used for gastrointestinal disorders. However, spasmolytic activity of Petroselinum crispum (parsley) extract has been reported, there is a lack of information to support the mechanism of this antispasmodic activity. Taking this into account, the purpose of the present work was to investigate the role of GABA A receptor on antispasmodic activity of the hydroalcoholic extract of parsley seed in isolated rat ileum. Materials and Methods: In this study, terminal portion of ileum (2 cm) was dissected out and mounted in an organ bath containing air bubbled Tyrode solution (37 ο C, pH=7.4). Under 1gr resting tension, ileal contraction was induced by KCl (60 mM) and recorded isotonically. The effects of non-cumulative (0.1-0.5 mg/ml) concentrations of extract on KCl-induced contractions were examined. After evaluating the effect of agonist and antagonist GABA A receptor, the effect of parsley extract was assessed in the presence of muscimol (25 µM) and bicuculline (10 µM) as agonist and antagonist of GABA A , respectively. Results: Parsley seed extract reduced the KCl-induced ileal contraction in a concentration-dependent manner (n=7, p<0.001). Both muscimol and bicuculline exerted relaxant effect on ileal contraction (n=7, p<0.05, p<0.01, respectively). Surprisingly, agonist and antagonist of GABA A both potentiated the spasmolytic effect of extract (0.2 mg/ml). Altogether, spasmolytic effect of extract was not attenuated in the presence of GABA A antagonist. Conclusion: It seems that GABA A receptor is not involved in the antispasmodic effect of parsley seeds extract in rat ileum.
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