Hyper-Truncated N-Acetyl-β-D-Glucosamine Decorations Augment the Activity and Inhibition Potential of Neutrophil Granule Myeloperoxidase release_ati6zh5alfb25nmqfhbaoqicje

by Harry Tjondro, Julian Ugonotti, Rebeca Kawahara, Sayantani Chatterjee, Ian Loke, Siyun Chen, Fabian Soltermann, Hannes Hinneburg, Benjamin L Parker, Vignesh Venkatakrishnan, Regis Dieckmann, Oliver C Grant (+6 others)

Released as a post by Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory.



Myeloperoxidase (MPO), an important glycoprotein in neutrophil-mediated immunity, produces microbicidal hypohalous acids, but the underpinning glycobiology remains elusive. Deep characterisation of neutrophil-derived MPO (nMPO) using advanced mass spectrometry demonstrated that under-processed oligomannosidic-, truncated paucimannosidic- and hyper-truncated N-acetyl-β-D-glucosamine (GlcNAc) core-type asparagine-linked glycans decorate the protein. Occlusion of Asn355 and Asn391 and sterical hindrance of Asn323- and Asn483-glycans located in the MPO dimerisation zone were found to shape the local glycan processing thereby providing a molecular basis for the site-specific nMPO glycosylation. Native mass spectrometry, mass photometry, and glycopeptide profiling revealed extreme molecular complexity of dimeric nMPO arising from heterogeneous glycosylation, oxidation, chlorination and polypeptide truncation variants, and a lower-abundance monomer. Longitudinal profiling of maturing, mature, granule-separated, and pathogen-activated neutrophils demonstrated that MPO is dynamically expressed during granulopoiesis, unevenly distributed across granules and rapidly degranulated, but surprisingly carries uniform glycosylation across conditions. Complete proMPO-to-MPO maturation evidently occur during early/mid-stage granulopoiesis. The conserved Asn355- and Asn391-sequons displayed elevated GlcNAc signatures and higher oxidation and chlorination activity of the secretory vesicle/plasma membrane-resident MPO relative to MPO from other granules. Endoglycosidase H-treated nMPO displaying Asn355-/Asn391-GlcNAcylation recapitulated the activity gain and showed increased thermal stability and enhanced polypeptide flexibility relative to untreated nMPO as measured by activity assays, circular dichroism and molecular dynamics. Endoglycosidase H-treated nMPO also demonstrated an elevated ceruloplasmin-mediated inhibition relative to nMPO. Modelling revealed that hyper-truncated Asn355-glycans positioned in the MPO:ceruloplasmin interface are critical for contact-free inhibition. We report on novel roles of the peculiar MPO glycosylation providing new insight into neutrophil glycobiology.
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Date   2020-07-25
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