Volume 104p277-285 (2021)
Background: Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction requires reliable and rigid graft fixation. Tibial-sided fixation is frequently cited as the "weak point" of the femur-graft-tibia construct. Some authors have recommended supplemental fixation with a staple or screw suture to post improve the strength and stiffness of the fixation. However, with these fixations, there is a risk for symptomatic hardware. Miniplate is flatter than screw or staple and does not penetrate the bone when attached. It is used as a button for suspensory fixation to enhance interference screw tibial fixation.
Objective: To evaluate the clinical outcomes of the miniplate suture button for supplemental soft tissue graft tibial fixation in ACL reconstruction.
Materials and Methods: A retrospective study was carried out between August 2016 and December 2019. A total of 40 patients had undergone primary ACL reconstruction, performed with hamstring tendon grafts that were secured using a miniplate suture button for supplemental interference screw tibial fixation. A total of 18 patients were excluded, leaving 22 patients at 1-year follow-up.
Results: At least 1-year follow-up, the remaining 22 patients had significant difference between preoperative and postoperative outcome of anterior drawer test, Lachman test and pivot shift test (p<0.05). Lysholm knee scores improved significantly from 54.0±12.53 to 90.04±5.38. However, 3 patients (13.6%) experienced symptomatic hardware pain and 3 patients (13.6%) tendered around the miniplate site. There were no radiographic changes in miniplate displacement, deformed or broken plate, and bony reaction around miniplate.
Conclusion: The use of a miniplate suture button as a supplemental fixation showed adequate fixation strength and showed good results in postoperative manual ligament laxity test and functional scores at minimum 1-year follow-up. However, there is still symptomatic pain at the hardware site.
Keywords: Anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction, Supplemental fixation, Suture button
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