Infection fatality rate of COVID-19 in community-dwelling elderly populations release_7ayuup2zobbungc5brt5fs6dzm

by Cathrine Axfors, John Ioannidis

Published in European Journal of Epidemiology by Springer Science and Business Media LLC.



<jats:title>Abstract</jats:title>This mixed design synthesis aimed to estimate the infection fatality rate (IFR) of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) in community-dwelling elderly populations and other age groups from seroprevalence studies. Protocol: <jats:ext-link xmlns:xlink="" ext-link-type="uri" xlink:href=""></jats:ext-link>. Eligible were seroprevalence studies done in 2020 and identified by any of four existing systematic reviews; with ≥ 500 participants aged ≥ 70 years; presenting seroprevalence in elderly people; aimed to generate samples reflecting the general population; and whose location had available data on cumulative COVID-19 deaths in elderly (primary cutoff ≥ 70 years; ≥ 65 or ≥ 60 also eligible). We extracted the most fully adjusted (if unavailable, unadjusted) seroprevalence estimates; age- and residence-stratified cumulative COVID-19 deaths (until 1 week after the seroprevalence sampling midpoint) from official reports; and population statistics, to calculate IFRs adjusted for test performance. Sample size-weighted IFRs were estimated for countries with multiple estimates. Thirteen seroprevalence surveys representing 11 high-income countries were included in the main analysis. Median IFR in community-dwelling elderly and elderly overall was 2.9% (range 1.8–9.7%) and 4.5% (range 2.5–16.7%) without accounting for seroreversion (2.2% and 4.0%, respectively, accounting for 5% monthly seroreversion). Multiple sensitivity analyses yielded similar results. IFR was higher with larger proportions of people &gt; 85 years. The IFR of COVID-19 in community-dwelling elderly is lower than previously reported.
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Type  article-journal
Stage   published
Date   2022-03-20
Language   en ?
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ISSN-L:  0393-2990
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