2019 Volume 1, Issue 4, p926-944
Dental implants constitute the standard of care to replace the missing teeth, which has led to an increase in the number of patients affected by peri-implant diseases (PIDs). Here, we report the development of an antimicrobial bioadhesive, GelAMP, for the treatment of PIDs. The hydrogel is based on a visible light-activated naturally-derived polymer (gelatin) and an antimicrobial peptide (AMP). The optimized formulation of GelAMP could be rapidly crosslinked using commercial dental curing systems. When compared to commercial adhesives, the bioadhesives exhibited significantly higher adhesive strength to physiological tissues and titanium. Moreover, the bioadhesive showed high cytocompatibility and could efficiently promote cell proliferation and migration in vitro. GelAMP also showed remarkable antimicrobial activity against Porphyromonas gingivalis. Furthermore, it could support the growth of autologous bone after sealing calvarial bone defects in mice. Overall, GelAMP could be used as a platform for the development of more effective therapeutics against PIDs.
Archived Files and Locations
|application/pdf 5.4 MB ||
access all versions, variants, and formats of this works (eg, pre-prints)