An Antimicrobial Dental Light Curable Bioadhesive Hydrogel for Treatment of Peri-Implant Diseases release_5cb2celi45fihkko447pm3k6ae

by Ehsan Shirzaei Sani, Roberto Portillo Lara, Zahra Aldawood, Seyed Hossein Bassir, Daniel Nguyen, Alpdogan Kantarci, Giuseppe Intini, Nasim Annabi

Published in Matter by Elsevier BV.

2019   Volume 1, Issue 4, p926-944

Abstract

Dental implants constitute the standard of care to replace the missing teeth, which has led to an increase in the number of patients affected by peri-implant diseases (PIDs). Here, we report the development of an antimicrobial bioadhesive, GelAMP, for the treatment of PIDs. The hydrogel is based on a visible light-activated naturally-derived polymer (gelatin) and an antimicrobial peptide (AMP). The optimized formulation of GelAMP could be rapidly crosslinked using commercial dental curing systems. When compared to commercial adhesives, the bioadhesives exhibited significantly higher adhesive strength to physiological tissues and titanium. Moreover, the bioadhesive showed high cytocompatibility and could efficiently promote cell proliferation and migration in vitro. GelAMP also showed remarkable antimicrobial activity against Porphyromonas gingivalis. Furthermore, it could support the growth of autologous bone after sealing calvarial bone defects in mice. Overall, GelAMP could be used as a platform for the development of more effective therapeutics against PIDs.
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Date   2019-09-11
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